Build Better Readers

Strong readers practice active reading.  Rainbow comprehension uses reading passages to locate evidence in the text.  The more students are active in the reading process the more likely a student will understand the text.  Struggling readers tent not to ask questions about the text as they read.  Reading with a purpose increases comprehension.  Teachers using this model have seen an increase in students comprehension skills. 

Close reading, color coding comprehension with the young learners

Today, I'm sharing more about Rainbow Comprehension.  This is my spin-off the coined term Close Reading...Text Evidence...Color-Coding.  I created this before I had even heard about Close Reading.

How it works: (in a nutshell)

1.  Students read a text more than once.
2.  Students analyze the text for meaning.
3.  The student's comprehension of the text builds through multiple readings and re-readings.
4.  Students locate evidence in the text to answer questions. 

A major role for teachers is to provide support, guidance and provide a minimal amount of background knowledge to the students.  For example, pre-teach some vocabulary in the text or allow students to share an experience in the topic. 

Teachers also locate text or develop text passages for students to read.  These passages need to be age appropriate.  Teachers will also ask text-dependent questions to engage the students.  The students use markers, highlighters, colored-pencils, crayons, etc... to locate the evidence in the text. 

Let's take a look:

 Using the Life of Pigs reading selection:

Prior to reading:  The teacher discusses a little about pigs.  Students can share what they know about pigs.  Build background knowledge- Intentionally train your students in the habits of great discussion. 

Materials are gathered.  In this instance, markers are being used.

Students read the passage at least 3 times.  Comprehension and fluency increases with each reading.  They can record their readings by circling or checking the top part of each passage. 

The students are guided to locate the answer to each question.  They use evidence in the text to determine the answer.  Students read for meaning.  Good reading is active!  Students are active participants before, during and after the reading.  

 The passages provided to young students should be explicit.  This means all the information is "right there."  They should be able to look back in the text for the answers.  This allows you to assess their reading comprehension easily.  This has been proven effective when introducing this concept to the youngest learners.
It is age appropriate to teach first and second grade students this strategy.  Students enjoy this process.  They will love circling keywords, underline important information and using strategies while reading.  Active reading strategies make it more likely that a student will understand a text.

To help you improve your reading instruction, the bundle set is now available or you can still purchase these individually.

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